Complete Guide to Fire and Safety Courses in India

India has the unlucky but doubtful distinction of being one of many nations the place hearth claims hundreds of lives yearly. Often, these fires are preventable.

Reports by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) level to 3 primary causes of demise by hearth: Domestic fires, industrial accidents, and infernos that typically ravage forests and grasslands.

Current Scenario about Fire and Safety

India is witnessing speedy industrialization for the reason that previous three years. Thanks to speedy advances in indigenous expertise, ease of doing enterprise, Make In India initiative launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s authorities in addition to a quantum improve in Foreign Direct Investment and Foreign Institutional Investment have led to an industrial increase in India.

Ujjwala and Ujjwala Plus schemes launched by the Central authorities since 2016 goal at providing over 50 million Liquefied Petroleum Gas connections and cylinders free to economically weaker sections of India, concentrated in rural areas.

The proliferation of LPG can improve the danger of family fires, if these cylinders are leaky or not used correctly.

Additionally, the federal government is taking steps to supply electrical energy in remotest corners of the nation. Often, high-tension electrical cables and home energy connections set off fires attributable to quick circuits or vandalism.

Need of the Hour

These information spotlight the important want for extra hearth and security professionals in India. Industries in India want extra hearth and security specialists now than anytime earlier within the historical past of this nation.

Additionally, native hearth brigades, safety businesses and places of work small and enormous additionally require hearth and security specialists.

Hence, you possibly can eye a fantastic profession on this subject by doing a course in hearth and security. According to numerous sources, India wants 15,000 to 20,000 Fire and Safety professionals yearly. Unfortunately, the nation faces a scarcity of those abilities at the moment.

Fire and Safety Course Categories

Fire and security are the one instructional programs that you are able to do beneath seven totally different classes. Unlike {most professional} research, you are able to do a fireplace and security course upon completion of your Secondary School Certificate (SSC).

Additionally, graduates, engineers, and different professionals may also concentrate on hearth and security.

Certificate Course.
Industrial Training Institute Course.
Diploma in Fire and Safety.
Bachelor of Science (Fire and Safety).
Post Graduate Diploma/ Degree in Fire and Safety.
Engineering (Fire and Safety).
Assorted Fire and Safety programs.

NOTE: Generally, high corporations in India recruit Fire and Safety professionals who maintain certificates solely from extremely reputed instructional institutes and authorities authorized programs. Hence, it’s essential to discover out which course and institute finest fit your {qualifications}. Also, it’s advisable to search out employability of Fire and Safety professionals from the institute the place you propose to take the course.

Here we take an in-depth look into numerous hearth and security programs on supply in India.

Fire & Safety Certificate Course

Certificate programs in Fire and Safety could be taken by any pupil who has efficiently accomplished Secondary School Certificate (SSC) exams or its equal from Central Board of Secondary Examination (CBSE) and Council for Indian School Certificate Examination or ICSE.

Generally, Certificate programs are of six-month period. To enroll for these at any reputed institute, you will have to be fluent in English and Hindi. Some institutes additionally supply these programs in regional languages.

The hottest Certificate programs in hearth and security are:

Certificate in Fire Safety and Hazard Management.
Certificate in Industrial Safety Course.
Certificate in Safety Management.
Certificate in Fireman Training.
Certificate in Driver and Pump Operator.
Certificate in Fire Safety and Security Management.
Industrial Technology Institute (ITI) course

ITIs across India are operated as autonomous our bodies by governments of assorted Indian states. While a majority of programs supplied by numerous ITIs throughout India are considerably comparable, solely choose institutes supply certification in hearth and security.

This subject of research can also be supplied by privately run institutes. However, to qualify to work as a fireman for the federal government or a big firm, you’ll have to cross an examination performed by an company or approved state-run physique.

You will want an SSC, HSC or equal to enroll for these programs. Popular on this section embrace:

Fireman Training Course.
Sub Fire Officer Course.
Fire Officer Course.
Fire Systems Operations Course.
Fire Prevention & Safety Course.

These programs are of one-year period. They open vistas so that you can work in hearth departments and hearth brigades run by state governments and municipalities, state-owned corporations, banks and numerous ministries.

Diploma in Fire and Safety

Students who’ve accomplished their SSC, HSC or their equal can enroll for Diploma programs in hearth and security. Depending upon the institute you enroll, a typical diploma in hearth and security would have a period of 11 months to 2 years. Some widespread diploma programs embrace:

Diploma in Fire Safety and Engineering.
Diploma in Industrial Safety.
Diploma in Fire and Hazard Prevention.
Diploma in Fire Fighting Equipment and Maintenance.

NOTE: Diploma and Advanced Diploma programs in hearth and security are additionally out there for Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) graduates. These are extremely specialised as we’ll elaborate on this article.

Bachelor of Science- Fire and Safety

Thanks to a rise in demand for hearth and security professionals, some reputed Indian universities are providing commencement or Bachelor of Science levels on this subject. To research these, you must maintain a Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC) or equal.

Bachelor of Science- Fire and Safety.
Bachelor of Science- Industrial Safety.
Bachelor of Science- Health Safety and Environment.

There are a number of advantages of doing a B.Sc in hearth and security fields. The motive: You qualify for numerous superior post-graduate Diplomas and Master of Science programs on this sector that’s quick gaining significance in India. The larger your {qualifications}, higher your employability, remuneration and profession prospects.

Post Graduate Diploma/ Degree in Fire and Safety

Here, we take a look at extraordinarily specialised programs in hearth and security. To qualify for these, you’ll require a B.Sc in hearth and security associated streams. These programs are additionally open to Diploma holders within the subject. Courses embrace:

Post graduate Diploma in Fire Safety and Hazard Management.
Post graduate Diploma in Industrial Safety.
Post graduate Diploma in Health Safety and Environment.
Advanced Diploma in Industrial Safety.
Advanced Diploma in Safety Management.
Post Graduate Diploma in Fire and Risk Assessment.
Master of Science, Health, Safety and Management.
Master of Science in Fire Safety and Hazard Management.

NOTE: Some of those Advanced Diploma and Diploma courses are additionally open to engineers who possess Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) diploma from any stream.

Engineering- Fire and Safety

A whole lot of ambiguity prevails over engineering programs in hearth and security. Generally, high engineering faculties of India together with Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), don’t supply specialised engineering programs in hearth and security.

However, some campuses of IIT are actually together with superior hearth and security coaching as part of the curriculum for all engineering streams.

However, government-owned Cochin University of Science and Technology affords a specialised course known as Safety and Fire Engineering. This course supplied by the college’s School of Engineering offers a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) diploma and is very prized in India.

A couple of personal universities in India additionally supply B.Tech in hearth and security. Related B.Tech programs embrace:

B.Tech in Fire Safety and Hazard Prevention.
B.Tech in Industrial Risk Assessment.

NOTE: Since B.Tech programs in hearth and security will not be simply out there, you possibly can go for a submit graduate program that makes a speciality of the sector and is obtainable by a reputed institute. However, it’s essential to guarantee employability of scholars that graduate from the course.

Assorted Courses in Fire and Safety

Once once more, realizing the significance of fireside and security training and professionals for India, a number of instructional institutes have designed myriad quick and long-term programs on this subject.

Master of Business Administration- Fire and Safety: A couple of state-run and personal universities have launched in recent times, MBA- Fire and Safety. The course period is 2 to 3 years, relying on the place you select to check.
Basic Fire and Safety Course: This course is obtainable by numerous personal instructional institutes in India. It acquaints college students with fundamentals of fireside and security, use of fire-fighting tools and emergency evacuation procedures.
Paramedic Course: Paramedics who work on ambulances are supplied particular coaching in dealing with victims of burns and poisonous smoke inhalation by some reputed medical colleges in India. Some medical faculties embrace the topic as a part of syllabus whereas others make it elective.
First Responders Course: Also supplied by personal instructional institutes, this course could be undertaken by anybody who has handed SSC or equal. Course period lasts between two and 4 weeks. The syllabus consists of fundamentals of fireside prevention, use of fire- preventing tools, first help and evacuation procedures. The course is usually patronized by accommodations whose service crew might have to reply instantly to fires at eating places or visitor rooms.
Damage Assessment: This is once more a brief course supplied by personal institutes. It goals at coaching employees of insurance coverage corporations to evaluate the harm brought on to a premise gutted by hearth.
Fire and Safety Institutes and Organizations

There are a number of reputed institutes and organizations that provide programs in hearth and security in addition to present networking opportunities for professionals.

National Academy of Fire and Safety Engineering (NAFS), Nagpur.
National Institute of Fire Engineering and Safety Management (NIFE/NIFS), Vishakapatnam.
All India Institute of Local Self Government, Bhopal, Jodhpur, Nagpur, Rajkot, Vadodara.
Cochin Institute of Science and Technology, Kochi.
Fire and Safety Association of India (15 Chapters in numerous cities).
Safety Engineers Association, Chennai.
Employment Prospects

Industrialization, building increase, an increase within the variety of slum and shanty cities in India in addition to elevated consciousness about hearth and security has led to an exponential improve in job vacancies for certified personnel. Almost each trade seems for hearth and security professionals at numerous ranges.

Armed with applicable {qualifications}, you’ll find jobs at any of the beneath industries. However, hearth and security professionals are required nearly in every single place.

Oil, fuel and hydrocarbon fuels.
Electricity suppliers and energy crops.
Airports, Indian Railways.
Automobile Manufacturers.
Fire Departments/ Fire Brigades of governments, municipalities and enormous firms.
Hospitality Industry.
Real Estate & Construction.
Municipal Corporations.
Large manufacturing industries.
Banks & Insurance Companies.
Engineering Firms.
Environment Protection Departments.
Forest Department.
Ports and Shipping.
More Options

Additionally, hearth and security professionals are additionally employed by numerous police forces, state-run forensic laboratories and civilian contractors of the Indian Armed Forces.

Similar to each occupation, the upper your instructional {qualifications} in hearth and security, higher your profession prospects. Hence, earlier than enrolling for a fireplace and security course, discover employability and future profession prospects for the qualification you want to acquire.

Another necessary side to think about whereas selecting a fireplace and security course is sensible, coaching. Some programs supply classroom and theoretical research solely.

Hence, college students with out hands-on expertise will encounter difficulties in getting jobs. Remember, a profession in hearth and security usually entails excessive dangers. Hence, it’s advisable to enter the sector solely in case you are keen to danger your life.

NOTE: Several employers might require you to acquire certification from the native hearth brigade and different authorities, stating you possess satisfactory abilities. Such certification is offered solely after passing very stringent checks. Understandably, hearth and security is a subject involved with defending human lives and property. Hence, employers are usually very choosy when hiring employees at any stage on this subject.

Fire and Safety Jobs

There are a number of jobs which you could apply for with hearth and security {qualifications}.

Fire Sub-Officer: At hearth brigades and hearth departments of corporations.
Fire Officer: Also at hearth brigades and hearth departments within the company sector.
Safety Officer: Large corporations, banks, petroleum, and vitality corporations, electrical energy era crops, printing presses, giant residential complexes, building corporations, accommodations, and hospitality trade, amongst others.
Fireman: A normal time period for first responders to fires. This is a place you possibly can apply for with a fundamental hearth and security certificates. There is not any dearth of corporations on the lookout for firemen.
Safety Engineer: Required by all industries. However, security engineers are in nice demand in oil and fuel corporations. Lucrative salaries are paid to security engineers posted on oil rigs, refineries, and associated installations.
Risk Assessor: Insurance corporations and banks rent hearth and security professionals as danger assessors. Work consists of assessing threats and dangers posed by hearth to locations such a residential advanced, accommodations and eating places, gas stations and different places.
Fire Investigators: Fire investigators are employed by insurers and banks in addition to hearth brigades. Their job is to research the reason for a fireplace, discover lapses in hearth prevention and detect arson.
Safety Instructors: This is an important designation in any main firm. Safety instructors practice staff about how they will reply safely and extinguish a fireplace. They additionally train emergency evacuation methods and first help.
Loss Prevention Experts and Consultants: Another nice job you’ll find at insurance coverage corporations in addition to banks and accommodations. Loss prevention specialists discover methods and means to curb losses within the unlucky occasion of the hearth breaking out. They advocate methods and means to counter fires resembling figuring out key places the place hearth extinguishers, security alarms, and different associated tools ought to be put in.
Logistics Fire and Safety Experts: Ensuring hearth and security of cargo, particularly hazardous and extremely inflammable shipments of petroleum merchandise, noxious gases, firecrackers, explosives, and chemical compounds is essential for a rustic like India. These specialists play a key position in making certain that no undue mishaps happen whereas ferrying inflammable cargo by street, rail, and sea.
Equipment Testing Experts: Unknown to most individuals, hearth extinguishers put in at residential premises, places of work, workshops, and factories should be refilled yearly. Additionally, these extinguishers should be examined to make sure the firing pin features correctly. Equipment testing specialists additionally verify stuff like prompt availability of water from hearth hydrants, take a look at hearth alarms, and comparable tools.

NOTE: Regardless of what place you’re employed, all hearth and security specialists need to take part in and conduct hearth drills for his or her employers. This is completed in collaboration with the native hearth brigade, Emergency Medical Service, police and different civil protection branches resembling dwelling guards. These drills are held at frequencies that match hearth hazards and dangers confronted by an organization, manufacturing facility, resort or residential premise.

Fire drills embrace testing alarm techniques, panic prevention, first responders’ actions, evacuation procedures, the time taken for the hearth brigade, EMS, police and different civil protection employees to succeed in the drill website.

They need to chronicle the drill and supply detailed studies to plug any loopholes, lapses, and delays.

Fire and Safety Salaries

According to US-based PayScale, which retains tabs on salaries and remuneration tendencies worldwide, a fireplace and security professional in India earns between Rs. 170,000 to Rs. 730,000 every year. The figures have been up to date by PayScale on December 19, 2017. These figures are based mostly on inputs offered by some 920 people working in India’s hearth and security sector.

On common, a Fireman attracts Rs.330,000 per yr as wage whereas Safety Officers get about Rs.282,000 yearly. Fire Fighters draw an annual wage of Rs.390,000 and Fire Protection Engineers Rs. 201,980.

These salaries are purely indicative and based mostly on inputs provided to PayScale. Your wage may very well be very totally different and shall be based mostly on {qualifications}, experience, and expertise.

Fire and Safety Business

Qualified hearth and security professionals may also open their very own small enterprise from dwelling, workplace or a workshop. Fire and safety-related companies are additionally in nice demand. They embrace however will not be restricted to:

Fire extinguisher producer.
Refilling and testing hearth extinguishers.
Dealing with hearth security tools together with extinguishers, hearth alarms, and smoke detectors.
Fire and Safety Consultancy Services.
Private Assessment Service.
Fire & Safety Trainers.

The heartening news is, such providers will not be out there throughout India. Currently, such companies are concentrated in industrial belts and metro cities. An pressing want to supply these providers at newly creating residential areas, upcoming industrial zones, semi-urban and rural places, at the moment exists.

Staggering Statistics

An estimated 18,450 individuals perished in hearth relate accidents throughout India in 2015, in response to statistics compiled by National Crime Records Bureau and Open Government Data of India. This interprets as a mean 50 individuals died in fires day by day. The determine represents instances recorded by police. Unconfirmed studies peg the determine a lot larger, at round 21,000 individuals per yr or about 57 individuals per day.

NCRB reports point out, over 65 % fatalities attributable to hearth in India happen amongst girls and kids. However, larger mortality charges amongst girls and kids are attributed to home or family fires attributable to quick circuits and kitchen accidents.

Statistics for 2016 are being compiled however preliminary findings by NCRB and OGDI point out, some 150,785 individuals in India died in numerous accidents, together with hearth.

The quantity of people that sustained reasonable to extreme accidents in fire-related accidents in addition to forest fires set off intentionally or occurring as a pure phenomenon stays unknown. Alarming Reports

The Fire Risk Survey (FRS) 2013 for India, executed by Pinkerton and the Federation of Indian Chambers and Industry stated, hearth accounted for 8.45 % of the general rating of dangers on this nation.

Fire Causes, Lax Safety

The largest reason behind fires in India are electrical short-circuits at properties, places of work, industrial items and in autos. Other surprising findings of the FRS reveal, India’s hospitality sector that features accommodations, lodges, eating places and bars ranks because the second most fire-prone trade.

IT/ ITES, because the fourth-riskiest industries for hearth, whereas manufacturing sector ranked a lot decrease, at sixth, for hearth dangers. Indian households rank topmost- at No-1- for hearth outbreaks. Surprisingly, households in main Indian cities are at larger danger of fireside in comparison with rural counterparts.

What this implies

Facts and figures offered on this article amply spotlight the dire want for hearth and security professionals in India. Additionally, steps additionally should be taken to advertise consciousness about hearth and security amongst Indian households and all ranges of staff at corporations and factories.

Unfortunately, arson can also be widespread in India, the place mobs burn autos, business institutions, authorities installations and even residences to vent fury over one thing.

Terror assaults on India have additionally led to a surge in demand for hearth and security specialists in nearly each authorities enterprise and the personal sector.

Regardless of causes, victims of fires- people, households, small and enormous companies face immense losses. Sometimes, fires wreak irreparable harm to individuals and organizations.

In Conclusion

Given this situation, individuals are changing into extra conscious of fireside prevention and significance of security. Hence, learning a very good hearth and security course will pave your way to a great career whereas serving to the nation. Indian insurance coverage corporations are paying billions of Rupees yearly for claims arising out of fire-related accidents that may be prevented by hearth and security specialists.

Before concluding, we repeat, hearth and security jobs usually contain excessive dangers. Carefully take into account these elements earlier than zeroing on a fireplace and security course.

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